It is hard to open a newspaper, turn on the TV or look online without seeing, hearing or reading about Health Care reform, Obamacare, or the Affordable Care Act. Over the last generation, while Health Care advances have helped prolong life, costs associated with those advances have made health insurance (and Health Care costs) skyrocket. Since the Federal government is the largest payer of Health Care services through Medicare and Medicaid, it has tried to control costs by every possible measure. This includes aggressive prosecutions of Health Care fraud. In 1996, Congress enacted the crime of Health Care Fraud under Title 18, United States Code, Section 1347. Essentially, the elements of Health Care Fraud mirror those of Mail and Wire Fraud. Anyone who knowingly and willfully executes a scheme to defraud any Health Care benefit program or to obtain by means of any false or fraudulent pretenses or promises any money of a Health Care benefit program in connection with the delivery of or payment for Health Care benefits is guilty of Health Care Fraud and can face up to 10, 20 or even more years in a Federal prison.
Before addressing and analyzing Health Care Fraud as set forth in Title 18, United States Code, Section 1347, it is worth noting that this offense is prosecuted with a firm hand. Fortunately for Crotty Saland PC clients, the law firm is in a unique position to defend against Health Care Fraud investigations, arrests, indictments and trials. One of our members, Peter Katz, not only served as a Federal prosecutor, but focused on Health Care Fraud crimes leading the Brooklyn Strike Force as a member of the Department of Justice’s highly acclaimed Health Care Fraud Prevention and Enforcement Action Team (HEAT). There Mr. Katz learned the investigatory and prosecutorial skills that we all now utilize to represent our clients as Federal Criminal Defense Attorneys.Health Care Fraud: Breaking Down the Crime
In the context of the Federal government, nothing is truly “simple.” However, to understand as easily as possible the crime of Health Care Fraud pursuant to Title 18, United States Code, Section 1347, when you lie or cheat to get paid by Medicare, Medicaid or any other health insurance company. If you do so, you are guilty of Health Care fraud.Health Care Fraud: Further Analyzing a Serious Offense
One way to better grasp Health Care Fraud is to look at is as a scheme to defraud a health insurance company (including Medicare, Medicaid, Tricare, CHIPS, and any other federal Health Care program) out of money involving Health Care services. Obviously, there are countless ways to scheme and too many to outline. While there is no direct correlation between the complexity of the scheme and the magnitude of the fraud (some frauds can be quite simple), the longer the duration of the criminal activity and the greater the size of the offense, the increased likelihood that other Federal crimes have been violated including Wire Fraud and Mail Fraud.
- Wire Fraud: Title 18, United States Code, Section 1343
- Mail Fraud: Title 18, United States Code, Section 1341
- Bank Fraud: Title 18, United States Code, Section 1344
- Security Fraud: Title 18, United States Code, Section 1348
- Federal Conspiracy Crimes
- Federal White Collar Crimes
There are many different ways that the government can prosecute an individual for Health Care fraud – they can assert that the defendant did not provide the services claimed; that the services were not medically necessary; that the defendant charged more for services than was allowed (upcoding), that the services were based upon an illegal kickback arrangement, and many more. Again, if the mail, telephones, internet or other services were used in this crime or caused to be used, your liability extends beyond the crime of Health Care Fraud. As you can see, Assistant U.S. Attorneys and federal agents from the FBI (Link to FBI) or HHS-OIG (Link to HHS-OIG) have many avenues with which to seek criminal charges. It is for this reason that it is important that you confer with an experienced Federal Criminal Attorney, such as those at Crotty Saland PC to seek informed and educated guidance, advice and advocacy.Health Care Fraud: The Essential Elements
There are two main elements of Health Care Fraud. First, that there was a scheme to defraud or obtain money from a Health Care benefit program in connection with the delivery of or payment for Health Care benefit items or services. Second, that the defendant knowingly and willfully executed (or attempted to execute) the scheme.Health Care Fraud: Understanding “Scheme to Defraud”
Not a technical or legal definition, the easiest way to understand what constitutes a scheme to defraud is to take it outside of the Federal criminal context. If you concoct a plan, elaborate or not, to take another person’s or business’ property (it need not always be money, but usually is), then a scheme exists.Health Care Fraud: The Penalties
Just like it does with Wire Fraud and Mail Fraud, the government does not shy away from enforcing Health Care Fraud. Arguably, it treats Health Care Fraud a little more serious in comparison to other Federal White Collar crimes. Health Care Fraud is punishable on a “sliding scale” in that you face up to 10 years in prison, a $250,000 fine and the payment of full restitution if you are convicted. However, if serious injury results from the violating Title 18, United States Code, Section 1347, a judge can sentence you to up to 20 years in prison. Even worse, if death results, Health Care Fraud is punishable by life in prison.
- Federal Law Enforcement: From the FBI to the US Attorney & Their Respective Roles
- From Witness to Target: Potential Exposure & Consequences of a Federal Investigation
- The Federal Court Process from Arrest to Potential Sentence
- Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Understanding Your Criminal Exposure
Like all other Federal crimes, Health Care Fraud is an offense that can not only leave you incarcerated for years and decades, but can also ruin you financially. Armed with training received as a Health Care Fraud prosecutor, Peter Katz and the criminal lawyers and former prosecutors at Crotty Saland PC will utilize their collective experience, knowledge and advocacy to best preserve your liberty and livelihood.
Call the Federal criminal lawyers and former prosecutors at (212) 312-7129 or contact us online today.